Disclaimer: This is by no means everything you need to know about lightning. As a guide and a person that spends time outdoors, understanding nature is a necessity. I encourage you to do your own research. Additionally, every region has their own unique weather conditions that they need to study and learn (e.g., blizzards, ice, drought, tornados, hurricanes, etc.).
This past weekend, we've experienced a lot of lightning here on the Seacoast of New Hampshire. I have an app that I use for alerts on my phone named My Lightning Tracker Pro. It's amazing how many notifications I get, especially when a storm is nearby.
Growing up in tornado alley and experiencing horrendous storms every spring and summer, it became second nature to find shelter and to stay indoors. More importantly, it's good to confirm what was science or folk-tales that I heard as a kid vs. what is stated today as safety guidelines.
Below are a few general and high-level facts and tips, however, please refer to the links below for additional information. This information could save your life one day.
A few facts:
Lightning can be hotter than the surface of the sun and can reach temperatures around 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit
Lightning can often strike 3-miles outside of a thunderstorm, however, lightning can go up to 10-15 miles away without warning!
A few safety tips:
Remember the phrase, "when thunders roars, go indoors"
Avoid windows, doors, porches, concrete.
Avoid electrical equipment.
Avoid water (showers, sinks, etc.)